Practice the concept of "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" and promote the transformation from "mining city" to "Park City"
Huang Xiaowu, Secretary of the CPC Huaibei Municipal Committee
On August 15, 2005, Xi Jinping, then Secretary of the Zhejiang provincial Party committee, first proposed the concept of "green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains", which provides a fundamental basis for the construction of ecological civilization and beautiful China. In the past 15 years, this thesis has been continuously extended, deepened, enriched and improved, which has become the core connotation of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, an important part of the new development concept, and the consensus and action of the whole Party and society. Under the guidance of the "two mountains" concept, China's ecological civilization construction has entered the fast lane, and the magnificent picture of beautiful China is slowly unfolding.
Huaibei, as a well-known coal resource-based city and energy base in China, has contributed more than 1 billion tons of raw coal and hundreds of billion kwh of power transmission for the country since its establishment 60 years ago. It has also paid heavy costs such as sharp reduction of resources and deterioration of ecological environment. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we have adhered to Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought as the guidance, deeply practiced the "two mountains" concept, established the development strategy of China's carbon Valley, green gold and Huaibei and the overall development idea of "1234 five year plan". We have persisted in ecological priority and green development, adhered to the people-oriented and integration of industry and city, and successfully built the former "mining city" covered with coal ash and everywhere The "Park City" with mountains and rivers in the city and the city in the mountains and rivers has won the Chinese Environmental Excellence Award, the national civilized city, the National Forest City, and the green model city. It has changed from "prefer gold and silver mountains to green waters and green mountains" to "both green waters and green mountains, but also gold and silver mountains", and towards the highest level development stage of "green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" Step forward quickly and strive to open up the transition channel between "green water and green mountains" and "golden mountains and silver mountains", so as to realize the ecological value conversion between "green waters and green mountains" and "golden mountains and silver mountains". On July 21, 2019 and June 20, 2020, the front page headlines of people's daily and Guangming Daily published "Huaibei has achieved ten years of transformation" and "Anhui Huaibei explores the transformation road of resource exhausted city", which comprehensively shows the vivid practice of Huaibei promoting high-quality transformation and development with ecological civilization construction.
1、 Reconstruct the natural ecology of "green water and green mountains" and lay a solid foundation for the transformation of "two mountains"
General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that for the construction of ecological civilization, "it is not necessary for us to achieve success, but there must be my realm for success. We should not engage in achievement projects that are eager for quick success and instant benefits, and do more things that contribute to the contemporary, long-term and benefit future generations.". In the process of transformation and development, we deeply realize that the environment is the people's livelihood, the green mountains are beautiful, and the blue sky is also happiness. We must comply with the people's yearning for a better life, face up to the ecological debts left by "resource rice" for many years, persist in "increasing green" and "protecting green", coordinate the management of mountains, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, protect the mountains and rivers, and make a good ecological environment For a happy life growth point. In particular, in the face of the severe impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, we have consistently promoted the construction of ecological civilization. As of August 12, the average concentration of PM2.5 in the city decreased by 11.4% year-on-year, and the proportion of days with good air quality increased by 9% year-on-year, realizing "one drop and one rise", and the ecological environment quality continued to improve.
Let the green hills be seen. It overcame the difficulties such as 60% exposed rock area of Rocky Mountain and was recognized as non suitable for forest and barren mountain. It created the "seven step afforestation method" and put on green clothes for more than 200000 Mu Rocky Mountains. It won the only "outstanding contribution award of rocky mountain afforestation" in the province. Xiangshan Forest Park was promoted to "national level". The Huaibei skyline continued to be green and beautiful. We resolutely shut down quarries and small cement enterprises, and implemented the management of quarrying holes. As a result, abandoned quarries such as Lieshan and Woniushan, which were once devastated, have come back to life. The 552.6 hectare mountain is completely new and full of green. It has become a country park integrating mountain, water, forest, grass and scenery, adding a new place for citizens to visit.
Make the water lovely. In order to solve the production and living problems of nearly 200000 landless farmers, we have persisted in turning harm into profit, comprehensively harnessing more than 180000 mu of coal mining subsidence area, and effectively solved the production and living problems of nearly 200000 landless farmers. We have won the China Human Settlements model award, and have been praised as "the miracle of land regeneration" by UN Habitat. The Ministry of natural resources held a National Symposium on ecological restoration of mining hills and treatment of coal mining subsidence areas in Huaibei. The municipal water distribution project of Huaihe to North Water Diversion Project was completed, and the rainwater and sewage diversion project and reclaimed water reuse were promoted. It was awarded the national water-saving society construction demonstration area. We should do a good job in happy rivers and lakes to meet the needs of citizens for water, leisure, fitness and tourism. We should create many lake wetlands and lakeside parks such as Lujin lake, carbon valley lake, South Lake and Yuanmeng Island, attracting migratory birds such as swans and egrets. A water deficient city has become a beautiful landscape ecological city with clean water and green banks.
Let nature get it. We should adhere to the principle of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, draw up overall spatial planning for the whole area, scientifically set up new towns and new areas, integrate the concept of "Park City" into them, continuously optimize the production, living and ecological layout, and promote the comprehensive transformation of old urban areas and the construction of new eastern cities with high standards. The planning area of 420 square kilometers has a landscape ecology of 200 square kilometers, and the greening coverage rate of urban built-up areas reaches 45.38%, "One belt, two cities, three green hills, six lakes, nine rivers, and eighteen bays" has been highlighted. The citizens can see the green and change the scenery step by step. The livable comfort and happiness of life have been continuously improved. Three forest cities, 12 provincial forest towns and 111 provincial forest villages were successfully established. The control rate of farmland forest network exceeded 85%. The good ecological environment makes Huaibei the most attractive city in the province. By the end of 2019, the permanent population of Huaibei is higher than the registered population of 83000, and the net inflow of population has been maintained for six consecutive years.
2、 Create "Jinshan Yinshan" industrial ecology and activate "two mountains" conversion power engine
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that "economic development cannot be at the cost of destroying ecology. Ecology itself is economy, and protecting ecology is developing productivity". Green waters and green mountains are not only natural wealth, but also economic wealth. In the process of accelerating the high-quality green development of Huaibei, we always keep in mind General Secretary Xi Jinping's earnest instructions that "people should live up to the green mountains, and green mountains should not fail people". We should learn from the lessons of development at the expense of the environment, accelerate the industrial transformation and upgrading, build a modern economic system in the whole chain, and truly reduce resource consumption, pollution emissions and ecological damage from the source, so as to make green a high-quality development The bright background color.
We should promote ecological economy. We will comprehensively promote industrial digitization and digital industrialization, accelerate the construction of new infrastructure such as 5g network and data center, lay out new industries and future industries, such as digital economy, life and health, and new materials, and vigorously develop green and low-carbon circular economy. We have actively introduced high-end and technology intensive enterprises in the industrial chain, and have developed rapidly the "four bases, one high and one large" war new industry dominated by carbon based, aluminum based, silicon-based, biological based and high-end equipment manufacturing, and big data. We have two provincial-level emerging industrial bases of advanced polymer structural materials, ceramic aluminum new materials and aluminum based high-end metal materials. Speed up the green transformation of traditional industries, promote the transformation of coal from industrial fuel to basic chemical raw materials and high-end industrial materials, form a circular economy mode of "coal coke chemical electricity material", continuously extend the industrial chain, increase added value, and sell several times or more than ten times the "good price" of raw coal; the traditional thermal power generation is upgraded to green energy conservation and environmental protection The 1.35 million KW high efficiency clean coal generating unit of the second phase of Shanshan power plant only consumes 251 grams of coal per kilowatt hour, representing the most advanced level in the world. In collaboration with Shanghai Jiaotong University, the company innovates and develops new ceramic aluminum materials, which are widely used in aerospace, automobile lightweight and other fields. The "high performance ceramic aluminum piston industrialization" project has been selected as the key project of the Ministry of science and technology. With its unique performance, it has realized energy conservation and emission reduction from the source.
Promote ecological economy. Focus on transforming the ecological value of green water and green mountains into Jinshan Yinshan, financing 2 billion yuan to build pomegranate characteristic town, Longji mountain scenic area, Suixi Liuzi Ecological Cultural Park, etc., create leisure forestry projects such as double floor flower sea and fragrant Town, hold pomegranate Culture Tourism Festival, grape Cultural Tourism Festival, Huangli Apricot Flower Festival, etc., and Xiangshan health food town was shortlisted as "small with Chinese characteristics" "Top 50". We have signed cooperation agreements with the Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences to cultivate national geographical indication protection products and certification trademarks such as "Tashan pomegranate", "duanyuan grape", "Huangli Badou apricot". We will develop more than 170000 mu of characteristic fruit tree planting industry with an annual output value of nearly 2 billion yuan, cultivate 7 provincial leading enterprises of forestry industrialization, and 4 listed on the provincial regional stock exchange market, so as to realize one ecological product driving an industry and promoting one party's development. At the same time, the logic of urban development should be changed from "producing city people" to "people city producing". Between the Central Lake belt composed of carbon valley lake, Lujin lake and South Lake, and the ecological green veins connected by Nanshan, Liuyuan and Longji mountain scenic spots, the green gold technology innovation corridor will be planned and constructed, and the scientific research institutes, science and innovation center, high-level talent apartments and other facilities will be embedded next to the beautiful lakeside, and the green hills will be covered Yingzhong layout of new materials, new energy batteries and other innovative industries, with good ecological advantages to promote investment, talent and talent, so that high-quality life to create high-value industries, promote high-quality development.
3、 Enhance the "normal and long-term" governance efficiency and strengthen the institutional guarantee of "two mountains" transformation
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has attached great importance to the construction of ecological civilization system. In particular, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee has clearly put forward the requirements of "adhering to and improving the ecological civilization system". We earnestly implement the important instruction of General Secretary Xi Jinping on "protecting the ecological environment with the strictest system and the strictest rule of law", integrate the ecological and environmental protection work into the daily life, and penetrate into the whole process of production and life, so as to promote the whole green reform of development concept, system and lifestyle, so as to provide strong guarantee for the construction of ecological civilization.
Improve the long-term mechanism of environmental protection. We will establish and fully implement the responsibility system for guaranteeing and rectifying outstanding environmental problems, increase the weight of ecological environmental protection in the assessment of counties, districts and relevant departments, explore and implement the mechanism of double accounting, double assessment and double promotion of GDP and GEP (ecosystem GDP), and lead the whole city to focus on ecological restoration and environmental protection. The long-term monitoring and early warning mechanism with complete means, data sharing, real-time and efficient, powerful management and control, and multi-party cooperation has been continuously improved. We continued to deepen the reform of the system of river (Lake) director and forest leader, and took the lead in introducing the implementation plan of creating a national forest leader system demonstration area in the province, and the provincial assessment of river (Lake) leader system was excellent for three consecutive years.
Establish a market clearing mechanism. Strictly control the entrance, and firmly refuse to allow the projects that do not conform to the green transformation orientation. In 2019, 17 projects with a total investment of 7 billion yuan were declined by the new coal chemical synthetic material base alone, with a comprehensive evaluation access rate of 40%. In the past three years, 338 Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size, which failed to meet the environmental protection standards and were backward in technology, were withdrawn, and the coal production capacity was more than 10 million tons. At present, the city's non coal industry has been "divided into three parts of the world, and there are two". The economic growth has changed from industry led to service industry and industry led industrial structure.
Advocate green lifestyle. Relying on 3200 volunteer service teams and nearly 200000 volunteers in the city, we regularly carry out volunteer services such as afforestation and river cleaning, and promote the participation of the masses through typical demonstration, so as to make low-carbon energy conservation and water conservation and green protection become citizens' spontaneous behaviors. A public bicycle service network covering the whole city has been built, with 280 stations, 11400 vehicles put in and more than 50000 times a day; the integrated construction of urban and rural road passenger transport has been accelerated, 448 new energy buses have been purchased and put into use, "green multimodal transport demonstration project" has been selected into the first batch of provincial demonstration projects; waste classification treatment has been vigorously promoted, with daily treatment of 100 tons of kitchen waste, Wangneng waste power plant has been selected into the fourth batch of pilot cities for comprehensive utilization and harmless treatment of kitchen waste. The newly built and put into operation wangneng waste power plant has a daily treatment capacity of 1500 tons, and its emission indicators are lower than the EU standards and reach the world advanced level.