Original Title: " I Will Seek From Above and Below " —— Viewing the Great Practice of Chinese State-owned Enterprise Reform from the Perspective of Wanhua Reform
Viewed from the air, the office buildings in Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park are shaped like huge benzene ring molecular structures.
Wanhua, one of the top 50 chemical companies in the world, is the only chemical company in China that has the independent intellectual property rights of isocyanates (MDI for short in the world).
Engels pointed out in Dialectics of Nature that chemistry is the science that studies the change of matter from quantity to quality.
There is philosophy behind chemistry.
If "entrepreneurship + reform" is the chemical reaction that motivates Wanhua to live, then "reform + innovation" is a profound change that makes it stronger.
Wanhua Chemical Group Co., Ltd., the same age as China's reform and opening up, started from a traditional state-owned enterprise that produced synthetic leather in the past, and has a technological innovation ability from scratch, weak to strong, and a modern large-scale enterprise that has grown into a global MDI industry leader An eye-catching road for the reform and development of modern state-owned enterprises with Chinese characteristics.
Aiming for reform, answering the market's question——
Entering Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park, I saw the pipelines standing tall and towering, and the transport trucks came in and out, a busy scene.
Viewed from the air, the office buildings in Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park are shaped like huge benzene ring molecular structures (photographed by drone on April 30). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
Why has this synthetic leather factory that once provided raw materials for leather shoes become a world leader in the chemical industry?
The reporter recently visited Wanhua for interviews, all the way, all the way ...
A thousand miles begins with a single step.
The birth of Wanhua has an inextricable relationship with the problem of Chinese shoes:
Forty years ago, China was still a country stepping on cloth shoes. "It should be taken as a key construction project because the people need it too much." In Wanhua's exhibition hall, the reporter saw the instructions of the central leadership 40 years ago, and his eagerness jumped on paper.
Ask for money. The state provided 460 million yuan, accounting for about four thousandths of the national finance of the year, and imported polyurethane synthetic leather production equipment from abroad ...
Want to give to others. About 7,000 people from all over the country gathered on the shores of Zhizhi Bay with sand and gravel, fighting for nearly 5 years ...
Wan Yong's first-generation head Liu Yongzheng was transferred from the position of deputy director of Jinxi Chemical Plant by the Ministry of Light Industry.
Li Jiankui, the second generation of Wanhua's head, came: "I was working in the Ministry of Light Industry at that time, and I came to Yantai from Beijing without a word."
Ding Jiansheng, the former president of Wanhua Group, also came: "I was assigned to the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the Ministry of Chemical Industry after graduating from Qingdao Chemical Industry College in 1982. I heard that there are a lot of recruits here, and I came here."
In the old factory area of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, former president Ding Jiansheng introduced the history of entrepreneurship before the first MDI production line (photo taken on November 25, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
Liao Zengtai, the current head of Wanhua, followed closely: "In 1983, I came after graduating from East China University of Science and Technology, and experienced the process of innovation and introduction of imported technology and equipment."
Liao Zengtai, Chairman and Secretary of the Party Committee of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, introduced the situation (photo taken on December 7, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
In 1983, Wanhua successfully commissioned the car, and the central leadership made a special trip to celebrate the ribbon-cutting ceremony.
Wanhua crashed like this!
In the following 10 years, Wanhua has provided a total of 200 million pairs of synthetic leather shoes, which is equivalent to providing a quarter of the national leather shoes.
Chinese people have achieved a historical leap from "wearing cloth shoes" to "wearing leather shoes", and Wanhua has also embarked on the arduous exploration from "planning" to "marketing"-
On the one hand, Wanhua follows the traditional planning model: "The Ministry of Light Industry allocates raw materials and targets, and after we produce, it is uniformly deployed by the Ministry of Light Industry." Ding Jiansheng said.
On the other hand, the continuous influx of products from foreign companies and the rapid rise of private synthetic leather companies have shaken Wanhua's position as a unified product.
Soon, Wanhua changed from "the emperor's daughter doesn't worry about getting married" to "the cold horse in front of the door".
The market has taught Wanhua people an unforgettable lesson.
As the "darlings" of the planning system, can state-owned enterprises become "tidemakers" in market competition? This is Wanhua and a major issue that all state-owned enterprises must answer.
Ding Jiansheng, then the deputy director of the technical workshop, was anxious: "The cost is 11,000, the selling price is 7 or 8 thousand, and the company is looking at it with death." You can hear and talk downstairs.
On August 1, 1983, the MDI device of Yantai Synthetic Leather Factory (predecessor of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group) was successfully put into operation. This was the scene of the celebration meeting held at that time (data photo). Xinhua News Agency
The great drink in the market woke Wanhua.
Since then, Wan Huayi has taken the steps from "planning" to "market" without hesitation, and has steadfastly stepped forward in the era of national reform.
In 1993, iron rice bowls, iron wages, and iron chairs were eliminated;
The first corporate system reform was carried out in 1995;
1998 joint-stock reform;
Landed on the capital market in 2001;
Piloting employee stock ownership in 2006;
Further reform of mixed ownership in 2016;
The overall listing in 2018 was approved;
Resonating at the same frequency as the reform melody, Wanhua made a splash:
Restructuring. Beginning in the 1990s, state-owned enterprises across the country gradually advanced the reform of labor, personnel, and distribution systems. Wanhua piloted the full-employee contract system in the whole factory for the first time, breaking the iron rice bowl, removing the iron box, and canceling the iron salary ...
Luan Xinguang, then head of personnel at Wanhua, said that without these changes, it would be difficult to achieve docking with national reforms in the later stages.
Above: Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group's first MDI production line is completely dismantled after dismantling; Bottom: Yantai Synthetic Leather Factory (predecessor of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group) MDI production line under construction. Xinhua News Agency
In 1995, Wanhua was restructured from "Yantai Synthetic Leather General Factory" to "Yantai Wanhua Synthetic Leather Group Co., Ltd.", becoming the first state-owned enterprise in Shandong Province and the eighth in the country to establish a modern enterprise system.
Peel off. Lean main business, separation of main and auxiliary. In the years following Wanhua, the 32 subsidiaries only retained the ace of the main business MDI, and the rest were all divested and restructured.
To lose weight for a strong body.
The hardest part is getting laid off. Li Jiankui clearly remembered: "At that time, Wanhua had a factory with less than 7,000 people, more than 30 offices, and there were three or four hundred cadres with a deputy head or above. The situation was serious."
He came to Luan Xinguang: "The 4,000 laid-off diversion indicators entrusted to you, minus one I have rewards, and one more I deduct your salary."
Wan Hua first “moved the knife” from the leading cadres: as long as he was 55 years old, he would retire in the factory. As a result, 71 leading cadres retreated from management positions.
Today, the parties talked to reporters about these things, but they were wind and rain at that time.
A branch factory director, Wanhua "Veteran of Veterans", was also included in the first batch of retirements.
Aggrieved, angry, unwilling!
That day, in the office of Qu Jinsheng, then general manager, he patted the table to discuss:
"Where am I sorry for the factory, why should I retreat?"
"It's the rule that anyone who has reached the age must go down."
"What is this rule? This is tears and tears! Don't you admit it? You dare admit it, I'll give it!"
Qu Jinsheng nodded silently, and his inner taste was mixed.
The strong man broke his wrist, and Nirvana was born again.
Reform is like a drastic chemical reaction. The huge energy released promotes Wanhua's accelerated development.
After a set of reformed combination boxing, concentrated MDI advantage resources and nearly 400 business backbones, Wanhua Polyurethane Co., Ltd. was officially listed.
Change to the deep is property rights. The pace of Wanhua's establishment of a modern enterprise system has gone deeper.
On January 5, 2001, Wanhua Co., Ltd. sounded the gong of the Shanghai Stock Exchange; promoted employee shareholding in 2006 and explored mixed ownership; introduced foreign-owned shares in 2007 ...
After China's entry into the World Trade Organization, the international chemical giants once dumped products at prices lower than about one-third of their domestic prices, suppressing Wanhua.
Wanhua then, in accordance with WTO rules, decisively raised anti-dumping tools to initiate an anti-dumping investigation. This has become a typical case of China's earlier use of anti-dumping to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises after joining the WTO. Make good use of international rules and win development opportunities for Wanhua.
Born from reform, and prospered from reform. Wanhua, who was a "beginner" of the market economy, has grown into a "tidemaker" who is skilled at using market rules to play against the world's giants.
Wanhua, who was eager to be "introduced" at the beginning of reform and opening up, has now taken a stride to "go global":
Wanhua successfully acquired Baosid company in Kazinzbarczykau, Hungary in 2011. Through increased investment and lean management, Baosid quickly turned losses from profit to the bankruptcy and kept this 30,000. More than 3,000 people in small cities, and became one of the top 100 enterprises in Central and Eastern Europe.
Reforms are in jeopardy, Wanhua continues to take off:
——MDI domestic market share increased from 8% in 1998 to more than 40% at present;
——Three indicators of operating income, profit and total assets of listed companies are 253 times, 427 times and 255 times respectively at the beginning of establishment;
——Business expansion to the world. Wanhua's presence in more than ten countries and regions overseas can help the industrial development of countries along the “Belt and Road” and better serve global customers;
After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Wanhua's reform even pressed the "fast forward key".
On February 2, 2019, a paper announcement aroused the attention of the capital market: Wanhua's major asset reorganization and overall listed asset delivery procedures have been completed.
"Simply put, it means that Wanhua listed company merged the parent company through reverse acquisition of equity, and the company's hierarchy is simpler and the structure is more transparent." Liao Zengtai told reporters: "Wanhua has become a fully market-oriented subject."
When the factory was established that year, the leader of the foreign technical guidance team made a special trip to Wanhua to visit and sincerely lamented: "Wanhua, blue is better than blue!"
What does all this depend on?
"Following the great era of reform and opening up is Wanhua's fortune and the secret to Wanhua's success."
On December 20, 2018, at Wanhua's 40th birthday celebration, Liao Zengtai gave the best answer.
Seeking innovation in one go, answering the questions of the times——
Wanhua people taught us to know a rare chemical term-MDI.
"MDI's chemical name is diphenylmethane diisocyanate. It is a polymer material with a wide range of uses. It was first invented in the 1930s and is now widely used in the national economy and the people's livelihood, such as building insulation, light industrial textiles, automotive appliances field."
At the Central Research Institute of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, a staff member is conducting a pendulum impact test of polypropylene (photographed on April 30). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
The interpretation of Wanhua, Executive Vice President and Technical Director of Huahua, is simple and clear: "It can be said that every Chinese family now has MDI elements."
In the old factory area of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, Hua Weiqi, executive vice president and technical director of Wanhua Group, is introducing the technological innovation of the enterprise (photo taken on November 25, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
However, the Wanhua people have experienced inexplicable experiences in mastering the core technology of MDI, which has given them a deep understanding of "independent innovation".
When introducing MDI equipment from a foreign company 40 years ago, the other party made it clear that it would not transfer technology.
"As soon as foreign experts leave, the equipment will not work." Li Chengyao, the earliest operator of the MDI production line. He recalled to reporters that when holding a high-pressure water gun to clean up the waste in the equipment tank, he booed: "I don't know why the equipment and pipelines are always blocked.
Due to the lack of mastery of core technologies, the designed production capacity of 10,000 tons has not reached 10 years.
In order to introduce MDI technology, Wanhua suffered losses and was fooled, and repeatedly encountered obstacles.
In the late 1980s, a multinational company extended its "olive branch": "I want to look at your core reactor and give you technical guidance ..."
It was like catching a "life-saving straw". Wanhua stopped the production equipment two days in advance and cleaned it up.
At last people were waiting. But the other party looked around and figured out Wanhua's technical line, but the cooperation intention was not mentioned.
Two years later, they put forward a report on China market research before they could discuss cooperation. So Wanhua organized more than 80 people and spent more than half a year traveling north and south.
After the investigation report was handed over to the other party, two years of anticipation came, but it was the other party that announced that they had set up a factory in China ...
This is another great hit that Wanhua people have encountered after the great market!
"Unforgettable! The key core technology is whether to come, buy, or ask for it. The Chinese are not self-reliant and self-reliant and will always be looked down upon." Liao Zengtai's tone was heavy and firm.
The ruthless reality forced Wan Huayi to embark on the road of independent innovation in an almost cruel way.
Where does the vitality of innovation come from?
"Market competition is in the final analysis competition for talents. Letting the market make choices must reflect human value." Ding Jiansheng said.
Just as Xiaogang Village liberated peasants from the shackles with the reform of “Big Contracting”, Wanhua used “people's creative labor to be reflected in market value” to maximize the vitality of innovation.
The reporter heard such a story in Wanhua:
After the establishment of Wanhua Co., Ltd. at the end of 1998, the "innovation project" was implemented: the technical achievements were awarded a reward based on the proportion of profit.
In the second year, after a technological transformation of a production unit, significant benefits were achieved. The new incentives were counted, which surprised everyone: a total of 920,000 yuan for 10 people.
Award or not?
Company executives argued for a month. The final decision: executives do n’t take a penny, and the bonus is given to front-line scientific and technical personnel.
On that day, the company's financial personnel used a sack to withdraw 920,000 yuan in cash from the bank and placed a stack of banknotes on the table neatly according to the winner's head.
The old engineer Sun Dunxiao scored the most, taking 210,000 yuan. My wife was frightened when he saw the money he took back in a small cloth bag. He grabbed the phone and called Liao Zengtai:
"Where did the grandson get this money?"
"Don't you make a mistake?"
"It's just income."
"Can you deposit a bank?"
"of course can!"
The awards have caused uproar inside and outside the factory: those who have envy have them, those who are jealous, and some have questioned the value of the money.
"920,000 yuan was distributed to scientific researchers, and they earned back 12 million yuan in profits." When the company calculated the account for everyone, no one raised objections.
At the Advanced Surface Materials Center of the Central Research Institute of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, Dr. Ji Xiaoxiao (right) and Dr. Li Tao are conducting water-based environmental protection nail polish experiments (photo taken on December 8, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
This can't help reminding us of a long-standing story in the corporate world:
More than 100 years ago, a foreign automobile company's production line was shut down due to a failure. After carefully observing the motor experts, only a line was drawn on the machine to find the failure, and the problem was solved. The expert then billed $ 10,000.
Just drawing a line, is it $ 10,000?
The answer given by the experts is: draw a line, $ 1; know where to draw, $ 9999.
Knowledge is priceless. Encourage talents with rewards and protect innovation with the system. This is the boldness and courage of Wanhua!
In 2017, an HDI (a type of special isocyanate: chemical name hexamethylene diisocyanate) innovation project made profits of more than 1 billion yuan in three years. In addition to recognizing scientific researchers, the company also dedicated 100 million yuan as a science and technology incentive fund. .
From 210,000 yuan in that year to 100 million yuan today, innovation incentives have been consistent.
This is a chemical reaction outside the laboratory: turning a stone into gold, turning a puppet into a butterfly!
Today, Wanhua has independently developed and completed more than 100 major scientific and technological achievements, and has successively won 7 national awards, including the first and second prizes for national scientific and technological progress.
The main body of innovation is talent. Wanhua attracts talents from all directions like magnets.
In the conference room of the old factory, the reporter and Hua Weiqi had a deep talk.
This doctor of chemical engineering from Zhejiang University, who had lived in Hangzhou since he was a child, studied abroad and was favored by many central and multinational companies when he graduated.
"Why did you choose Wanhua?" The reporter asked.
Hua Weiqi said with a smile: "I always hesitated when President Ding enthusiastically invited for the first time 18 years ago."
Unexpectedly, Ding Jiansheng was so obsessed with the "modern version" of "Three Looks at Thatched Cottage", which prompted Hua Weiqi to finally make up his mind.
"What attracted you?" The reporter asked.
"This is the best company in the industry I have seen." Hua Weiqi, who has always been rigorous in speaking, actually used the word "best" without hesitation.
"Best" is by no means empty words: Wanhua allocated Hua Weiqi an excellent scientific research team, an unrestricted research funding, a working platform capable of studying MDI technology, enough to climb the peak of world science and technology, and flexible bonus system……
What impressed Dr. Hua is even more Wan Wan's concern about his "heart and lungs": not only helping him find an object, but also helping him solve his work problems. To this end, the company has held several meetings to study, and begged the Yantai Municipal Party Committee for their support ...
Knowing yourself so well, what is your husband asking for?
"Efforts to introduce Dr. Ding in three years", "Five Gu Maolu" invited Dr. Ma, "Human directors who are good at digging people have been digged themselves ..." In Wanhua, many stories of talent introduction have become beautiful talks. In 2018, there were more than 1,100 new talents joining Wanhua, a record high.
It is through trust, motivation, and tolerance that the value of talents is reflected to the greatest extent in Wanhua.
At the Advanced Surface Materials Center of the Central Research Institute of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, a worker Chen Dingding is doing a polyurethane foam experiment (photo taken on December 8, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
Hua Weiqi tells us the story about the "ten-game losing streak":
It was an MDI technology upgrade project. After more than two years of preparations, it was about to be put into production, but encountered pipeline blockages and repeated production shutdowns.
"Each time the production is stopped, a loss of 5 million yuan. Try to stop 10 times, 50 million yuan hit the water."
Hua Weiqi was the MDI project installation manager at the time. When he failed for the sixth time, he stood in front of the reaction equipment, feeling extremely anxious.
The employees also lost patience and rushed to surround him. A worker grabbed his collar and shouted at the piles of waste: "Do you know how much each time? Can you do it?"
"Only try again, you can succeed!" Hua Weiqi, who was always gentle, was also anxious: "This production line is everyone's life, and it is my life!"
His hand on his collar gradually let go ...
Innovation not only requires wisdom, but also tests determination.
"'Innovation can be allowed to fail, but non-innovation is never allowed', this is our Wanhua philosophy!" Ding Jiansheng said.
Test-fail-test again-fail again ...
Failure is not only a "stopper" on the road to success, but also a "stepping stone" to success.
In the eleventh test, a major breakthrough was finally achieved: the size of a single set of MDI equipment was increased from the original 80,000 tons to more than 200,000 tons.
At the east gate of the old factory area, a vow engraved on the wall of the laboratory: "Indomitable, even Wanhua!"
Caring people, they will not be disappointed.
On January 8, 2008, the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
Ding Jiansheng received the National Science and Technology Progress First Prize Certificate from the party and national leaders, with mixed feelings.
Innovation is productivity.
Looking back now, between the original cost of 50 million yuan and the accumulated profits of tens of billions so far, it is an "inequality" and an "equation". In the constant cracking of this "inequality" and "equation", Wanhua people have realized more deeply the infinite power brought by gathering talents, loving talents, and using talents.
Years later, Wanhua executives and the executive of that multinational company met again, and there was such a dialogue--
"What was it like when you got the report?"
"If you get the treasure."
"Why not transfer technology to us?"
"Unless we're in the dark, it's impossible to sell technology!"
It is dramatic that Wanhua politely declined when the multinational company tried to discuss cooperation with Wanhua again.
The executive of the multinational company lamented: "It was our biggest mistake not to buy Wanhua at that time."
During the interview, the company's strong sense of anxiety impressed reporters.
"Whether it is compared with excellent peers or compared with their own goals, it is not time to be proud." Liao Zengtai said, facing the future, Wanhua must achieve a new leap in high-quality development.
Only continuous innovation can be invincible in the competition. Today, Wanhua has 6 research and development bases at home and abroad, 7 national innovation platforms, more than 150 advanced equipment laboratories, and a large number of pilot and pilot products form a relay relay ...
Innovation is not only technology, but also development concepts.
This is the application of Wanhua polymer materials in different fields displayed in the exhibition hall of Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park (imposition photos, photo taken on April 30). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
Like two sides of a coin, the chemical industry has brought environmental pollution while benefiting humanity.
It is the persistent pursuit of Wanhua people to pursue environmental protection regardless of cost and persist in safety. In the same industry, Wanhua was the first to propose a "zero emission" environmental protection goal.
Zhejiang, Ningbo Daxie Island, Wanhua Ningbo Company.
The car crossed the sea bridge, but saw the thunderous shot on the shore. As soon as you entered the island, you saw the factory area hidden by the camphor tree in the distance. Here, we can't see any leaks, we can't smell abnormal odors, and we can't hear machine noise. We are a "three no sees" chemical enterprise.
Wanhua also has a "zero accident" goal: everything starts from the details, and strives to make security accidents impossible.
Entering the production area, we saw such a scene: "two people in a row, three people in a row", the employees walk neatly and at the same pace; when going up and down the stairs, we must hold the railing ...
Chen Yifeng, safety director of Yantai Wanhua Chemical Group, is introducing the company's safety management system (photo taken on December 6, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei
Wanhua Security Director Chen Yifeng explained that security management should be infiltrated into every behavioral habit.
Kushiro blue strands, Yuru Yucheng.
This year marks the 150th anniversary of Mendeleev's preparation of the periodic table of chemical elements. There were only 63 kinds of known elements 150 years ago. With the continuous exploration of human beings, the blanks left by unknown elements in the periodic table of elements are being filled one by one. Today, there are 118 kinds of elements.
Is this not the case for China's reform-
From ideological and theoretical innovation to system and mechanism innovation, from "science and technology is the first productive force" to "innovation is the first driving force to lead development", from "respect for knowledge and talent" to "talent is the first resource", the party leads the people Seeking up and down, constantly answering the times, filling one gap after another, creating a new stage in history ...
Consistently making new roads and answering practical questions——
If the implementation of reform and opening up is a great awakening, then the establishment of a socialist market economic system is a great initiative.
For more than 40 years, the party has led the people to emancipate their minds, seek truth from facts, and have the courage to explore and boldly practice. practice:
From doing a good job of large state-owned small and medium-sized enterprises and developing individual and private economy to deepening the reform of state-owned and state-owned enterprises and developing mixed ownership economy;
From the single public ownership to the public ownership as the mainstay, the multi-ownership economy develops together and adheres to "two unwavering";
From the traditional planned economic system, to the unprecedented socialist market economic system, to making the market play a decisive role in resource allocation and better play the role of government;
Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, this great practice has been continuously pushed to new realms, and has written a new era of socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics.
The reform of state-owned enterprises is undoubtedly the most important chapter.
For more than 40 years, Wanhua's exploration and practice of reform, innovation, and development have become a vivid sample of socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics.
The "change" and "unchanged" are particularly enlightening:
The form of realization of public ownership is changing, but the dominant position of public ownership remains the same-
From the enterprises affiliated to the Ministry of Light Industry to corporate transformation, shareholding transformation, employee shareholding, mixed ownership, stock listing ... Wanhua's property rights structure from a single state to a mixed pluralism is the epitome of the changing form of China's public ownership.
After Wanhua's overall listing, it has state-owned assets, employee shares, foreign capital, and various social capital, and a variety of economic components coexist and win-win. Wanhua's assets in 1978 were only a few hundred million yuan, and its total assets reached 76.9 billion yuan at the end of 2018. Among them, 21.59% of the shares held by the state-owned operation platform are the largest shareholders.
Wanhua is a vivid portrayal of China's SOE reform.
Looking at the whole country, by 2017, the total assets of state-owned enterprises (excluding financial enterprises) reached 183.5 trillion yuan, a 400-fold increase from 1978. The vitality, control and influence of the state-owned economy have been greatly enhanced.
"The reform of state-owned enterprises has shown convincing practice that we have not only pioneered the realization of the socialist market economy system, but also successfully maintained the dominant position of public ownership, and have promoted the consolidation and improvement of the basic socialist economic system." Center researcher Zhou Lisha told reporters.
The labor relations of enterprises are changing, and the status of employees' masters is always the same——
At Wanhua, from "iron rice bowls" to full-fledged contract systems, from "iron wages" to performance rewards, employee shareholdings, corporate labor relations are changing. However, the ownership status of employees has not changed, and the sense of gain has increased with the reform and development:
Provide interest-free loans of up to 200,000 yuan and up to 12 years for employees to purchase houses; set up special allowances for technicians; implement the "blue-gold collar project" to build a growth platform for front-line workers; university graduates' wages are not lower than those in first-tier cities ...
Wanhua has a "coffee time". Hosted by group executives every month, they drink coffee, chat, and give opinions with 10 randomly selected front-line employees. They can solve it immediately, but can't solve it immediately.
Wanhua has an atmosphere of equality. At the gate of the Wanhua factory, we met a young employee who stopped Liao Zengtai: "General Manager Liao, please wear a safety helmet ..."
Wanhua has a reliable system. The group's articles of association stipulate that, for major issues involving the interests of employees, plans that have not been adopted by the Staff Representative Conference will not be promulgated, and major events that have not been discussed and approved by the Staff Representative Conference will not be finalized.
Zhang Weiguo, director of the Institute of Economics of the Shandong Academy of Social Sciences, said: "Insisting on the people as the center is the original intention of the reform, and the ownership status of employees of state-owned enterprises must be reflected and guaranteed in the reform."
The relationship between enterprises and the market is changing, and the feelings of serving the country are always the same——
From the decentralization of powers to the separation of government and enterprises, from the management of people to the management of assets and capital, the relationship between the government and the market has undergone profound changes, and the market has played a decisive role in the operation of enterprises.
However, the status and role of state-owned enterprises as an important material and political foundation of socialism with Chinese characteristics and as the "pillars" of a socialist market economy have remained unchanged.
"Working for the people and serving the country is the original intention of Wanhua." Wanhua's strong mission consciousness and national sentiment impressed reporters.
In the interview, Zhao Junsheng, a 60-year-old worker, proudly sang the Wanhua factory song with some workers: "Mr. Zhang Guanghua, shouldering the historical responsibility; Ms. Zhang Guanghua, reflecting the future of the nation."
Wanhua people have such a temperament: they always tightly connect the destiny of the company with the future of the country and the nation.
Wanhua is rich. Some people suggested that real estate could be built and a tallest building in Yantai could be built as a landmark building. Li Jiankui shook his head and said, "Wanhua has established a rule that will never deviate from the field of chemistry and always focus on the main business. This is our understanding and practice of serving the country with industry."
Gratitude and dedication: Wanhua donated to the disaster area, donated to the local elderly association; set up the "Sunshine Wanhua" fund, focusing on leukemia prevention and treatment; helping poor farmers to get rid of poverty through investment and other means ...
Kou Guangwu, president of Wanhua, said: We must be at the forefront in achieving economic benefits, we must also be at the forefront in shouldering social responsibilities, and we must be at the forefront in achieving the "two hundred years" goal.
The corporate governance structure is changing, and the leadership of the party remains the same—
The board of directors, managers, the board of supervisors, the staff representative meeting, the shareholders' general meeting; various types of capital such as state-owned assets, employee shares, foreign capital, and private capital participated together, and Wanhua's corporate governance structure was continuously adjusted and improved.
Reform all the way, the banner is high.
Wan Hua, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of Wanhua, said with emotion: "In the past 40 years, Wanhua has a lot of experience behind its success. It comes down to one thing: resolutely follow the party and make good use of every reform policy introduced by the party!"
The first chairman and party committee secretary Li Jiankui, the company's chairman and party committee secretary Ding Jiansheng, the current chairman and party committee secretary Liao Zengtai ... Wanhua's party committee secretary and chairman are always "one shoulder to shoulder" to ensure the leadership of state-owned enterprise party committees Role, implement the direction, control the overall situation, and ensure implementation.
Wanhua always built the party branch on the production unit and became a strong battle bastion. All Communists always rushed forward when critical ...
Reform is always on the way.
Above: Aerial picture of Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park (taken by drone on December 4, 2018, Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Xulei); below: Wanhua Ningbo company panorama (data photo). Xinhua News Agency
"Make state-owned enterprises the backbone of implementing new development concepts and comprehensively deepening reforms, and become an important pillar and relying force of our party in governing and rejuvenating the country." General Secretary Xi Jinping's earnest support for state-owned enterprises has always inspired Wanhua people to remember their original intentions and keep in mind mission.
On December 18, 2018, the Great Hall of the People attracted much attention.
At an important historical moment celebrating the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening up, General Secretary Xi Jinping issued a new marching order:
"Mobilize the entire party and people of all nationalities in the new era to continue to push forward reform and opening up, and make unremitting efforts to achieve the goals of the" two hundred years "and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation."
A thousand miles away, from Wanhua Yantai Industrial Park to Wanhua Ningbo Company, Wanhua people gathered in front of the big screen and listened intently.
"Building a strong socialist modernized country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay race. We must run one by one."
The speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping has long stirred in the hearts of the Wanhua people, and has also inspired the mighty strength of hundreds of millions of people competing in thousands of sails.
"The road is long and long, and I will search up and down."
Look, on the land of China in the new era, countless companies like Wanhua and hundreds of millions of Chinese children are struggling with anger and hard work, constantly creating new and greater miracles that are worthy of the times and the world.
[ Comic long picture ]